Factors affecting milk composition of lactating cows. Over 200 complex sugars called oligosaccharides 6 that act as prebiotics, feeding good bacteria in your babys gut. To demonstrate how multiplication of bacteria in milk causes spoilage activity 2. A summary of milk shipped in the mideast federal order from 2000 through 2002 showed that herd average milk protein ranged from 1. This kind of template design is suitable for the presentation of the topic health.
Higher percent of lactose and fat lesser percent of protein and ash content compared with other species. Fresh milk from a healthy cow is practically free from bacteria, but it must be protected against contamination as soon as it leaves the udder. The composition of milk from different mammals in g 100 g milk konte,1999. Milk composition and microbiology 3 learning objectives. Exclusive human milk feeding for the first 6 months of life, with continued breastfeeding for 1 to 2 years of life or longer, is recognized as the normative standard for infant feeding. Human milk and formulas selection and composition 5726 ppt. Composition and variation of the human milk microbiota are. Production of milk fat and protein can vary tremendously from one herd to another. It should be used in place of this raster image when not inferior. How is milk different from other foods in your diet. It has been known for years that variations in milk composition occur.
Proximate composition of goat milk is similar to that of cows milk, although goat milk may contain more fat, protein, and minerals, and less lactose and casein than cows milk table 14. This subject is very important to a dairy manager because production of highquality raw milk is paramount importance for successful manufacture and marketing. This variability has benefits for infant health and. Breast milk only breast milk and nonnutritious liquids breast milk and nutritious supplements no breast milk 28 source. Typical gross composition kg100 kg of milk of cow, sheep, buffalo and goat milk. In general, milk fat shows the greatest daily variation, and then comes protein followed. Differences in the composition of milk from various species buffalo and sheep milk maximum fat fat percent in goat milk is much similar to cow milk variation among the protein percent less human milk. Ppt composition of milk powerpoint presentation free to. Chemical composition, physical, and functional properties. The fatty acid composition of milk fat is extremely complex, with over 400 fatty acids having been identified. Ppt breast milk composition powerpoint presentation. Milk differs widely in composition all milks contains the same kinds of constituents but in varying amounts milk from individual cows shows greater variation than mixed herd milk.
Cows milk composition can vary widely between different breeds and during different stages of lactation. The fat content of milk from cattle reared in developed countries is in the range of 3. All that breast milk protein is made up of amino acids. This website and its content is subject to our terms and conditions. Factors affecting milk production linkedin slideshare. Milk chemistry and composition basics for dairy processing. Earlylactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mothers antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases. There are more than 20 of these compounds in your milk. Factors affecting milk composition of lactating cows fsa4014. Describe quality control during the production of milk and milk products. It focuses on the biological, chemical, physical, and microbiological aspects of milk itself, and on the technological processing aspects of the transformation of milk into its various consumer products, including beverages, fermented products, concentrated and dried products. Chemical composition, physical, and functional properties of.
Viscosities range from that of whole milk, to thick milkshake products which achieve their viscosity through use of thickening additives, sometimes in combination with freezing. When the composition of milk alters due to physiological or pathological causes e. Milk has a deep relation with health and fitness of the human body. The chemistry of coconut milk and cream coconut handbook. The composition of human milk is variable within feeds, diurnally, over lactation, and between mothers and populations. Milk provides essential nutrients and is an important source of dietary energy, highquality proteins and fats.
Human milk composition provides the standard for human infant nutrition, including the bioactive components that safeguard infant growth and development. Why you need to know about milk quality control 12 hour. All milks contain the same kind of constituents but in varying amounts. The nutritional composition of milk is highly complex, and it contains almost every single nutrient that your body needs. This chapter gives a description of the chemical composition of the coconut, which will form a basis for understanding chemical processes in the following chapters. Casein reduced in alphas1 null milk more fat relative to protein plasmin activity. Composition and biosynthesis of milk component slideshare. In the first few days after birth, a special type of milk called colostrum is excreted which is rich in fats and protein. It is important to highlight that the difference in oil content at various ages of the coconut kernel relates to the yield and quality of coconut milk obtained see chapter 3, table 3. The variation is always greater in small herds than in larger ones. Free milk powerpoint template free powerpoint templates. Milk ppt template can be used for drink related presentations, product presentations or any other beautiful powerpoint templates. Breast milk or mothers milk is milk produced by mammary glands located in the breast of a human female to feed a child. Besides total solids, the term solidsnonfat snf is used in discussing the composition of milk.
In general the average components can be summarised as follow. Ppt milk composition powerpoint presentation, free download. Milk is the primary source of nutrition for newborns before they are able to eat and digest other foods. Microsoft office powerpoint 2003, 2007, 2010 and 20 with microsoft windows. Composition of colostrum and milk colostrum varies a lot in composition between individuals le dividich et al. Ppt milk composition powerpoint presentation free to. Presentation on milk definition, composition, factors affecting composition and its components in detail. Defination of milk milk may be defined as the whole, fresh, clean, lacteal secretion obtained by the complete milking of one or more healthy milch animals, excluding that obtained within 15 days before or 5 days after calving or such periods as may be necessary to render the milk practically colostrumsfree, and containing the minimum prescribed. Milk composition of milk the understanding food chapter 11. Ppt composition of milk powerpoint presentation free.
Aap soy formula for prevention of allergy and food intolerance in infants cochrane, 2006 slide 88 cows milk protein avoidance and development of childhood wheeze in children with a family history of atopy cochrane, 2003 predigested protein based infant formulas protein hydrolysate formulas hydrolysate. Milk composition is economically important to milk producers and processors and nutritionally important to consumers. Free milk powerpoint template is a wonderful template design with the image of a glass, jug, and sunflower. Milk composition in dairy animals cow milk water 87% fat 34% protein 3. The data presented in figure 1 cover 20 lactations from 11 holstein cows. Milk composition of milk the basic composition of milk regardless of the source remains the same. In terms of plane of nutrition, increasing the energy intake increases the level of milk. Milk powerpoint template is a nice template featuring two cows and a milk box over a light blue background this milk template for powerpoint presentations is suitable for protein presentations in powerpoint as well as nature powerpoint presentations. Introduction this course is about the study of milk and milkderived food products from a food science perspective.
Four components are dominant in quantitative terms. Milk nutritional composition and its role in human health. Yogurt drinks are similar in composition, but are processed differently and are not covered in this report. Factors affecting milk composition in cattle, fat is the most variable component while minerals and lactose are the least variable milk protein to milk fat ratio ranges from 0. Review milk nutritional composition and its role in human health paula c. This kind of template design is suitable for the presentation of the topic health, milk made products, and other related presentations. Introduction this course is about the study of milk and milk derived food products from a food science perspective. Breastfeeding human milk optimal nutrition for baby natural speciesspecific breastfeeding rates the prevalence of breastfeeding in the hospital reached an all time. General constituents of cows milk are water, fat, protein, lactose and ash.
Human milk and formulas selection and composition author. Milk recording samples multiple analyses, multiple. It is the primary source of nutrition for infant mammals including humans who are breastfed before they are able to digest other types of food. The objective of this distance learning course is to understand the fundamentals of milk composition and microbiology of the milk. Some of them, called nucleotides, increase at night and scientists think they may induce sleep. Cow milk composition and factors influencing composition and yield. Oct 17, 2014 differences in the composition of milk from various species buffalo and sheep milk maximum fat fat percent in goat milk is much similar to cow milk variation among the protein percent less human milk. Composition of milk milk may be defined as the whole, fresh, clean, lacteal secretion obtained by the complete milking of one or more healthy milch animals, excluding that obtained within 15 days before or 5 days after calving or such periods as may be necessary to render the milk practically colostrumsfree, and containing the minimum prescribed percentage of milk fat. If so, share your ppt presentation slides online with. It also provides a comparison of the composition of colostrum milk with that obtained on the fifteenth day after freshening when milk is regarded as normal in composition. The most important change is a fall in lactose content and a rise in chloride content. The system requirements for powerpoint templates are.
Breast milk composition carbohydrate lactose is primary cho in milk higher in breast milk vs cow s milk protein casein. Colostrum also contains important infectionfighting antibodies which strengthen the immune system of the young mammal. Geneticsand environment table 1 contains the breed for percentageof milk fat, totalprotein, true protein and total solids. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Composition of milk and goats milk per 100 g of milk cayot, 1998.
Robert koch germ theory of disease 1882 concerns about milks safety led to pasteurization of milk supply to cities in late 19th early 20th century questions about milk as an appropriate food, especially for children, were framed in terms of safety. Milk composition animals water % proteins % casein % whey % fat % lactose % ash % human 87. A change in milk composition usingtraditional breeding techniques occursslowly, although new tech niquesof genetic manipulationmay allowfaster progress in the future. Milk is a nutrientrich, white liquid food produced by the mammary glands of mammals. Milk is a considerable resource of products whose composition varies. Milk and dairy product composition 41 abstract 41 3. Milk from individual cows shows greater variation than mixed herd milk. The concept of bioethnocentrism diversity in milk composition across mammals mammalian life. The milk composition section describes the chemical and physical properties and effects of pasteurization on the compounds in milk. Flavored milk drinks are available in many varieties. The composition of coconut milk is affected by the composition of coconut kernel. The coconut, scientifically known as cocos nucifera, is a fibrous drupe fruit figure 3.