Mar 22, 2020 iphigenia in aulis, translated by robert potter 1781, 1783 1st ed. Infanticide isnt the only reason, but it is kind of a. The subject of the play is the sacrifice of iphigenia, ordered by her father king agamemnon, to appease the goddess artemis, so that the achaen fleet can have fair winds to sail to troy and bring back helen. Written between 408, after the oresteia, and 406 bc, the year of euripides death, the play was first produced the following year in a trilogy with the bacchae and alcmaeon in corinth by his son or nephew, euripides the younger, and won the first place at the.
Iphigenia represents euripides version of a key episode in the great saga, the fall of the house of atreus, while the oresteia relates aeschylus version of the continuation and conclusion of the saga. Iphigenia in aulis or at aulis is the last of the extant works by the playwright euripides. Please bear in mind that i work as a writer, and so royalty income is important to me. Iphigenia at aulis seems to have been constructed in a society in which it was ideal to put nation and family ahead of oneself.
Agamemnon leda, the daughter of thestius, had three children, maidens, 50 phoebe, clytemnestra my wife, and helen. Iphigenia definition, the daughter of agamemnon and clytemnestra and sister of orestes and electra. The ships waiting to leave for troy are becalmed at. Iphigenia at aulis study guide from litcharts the creators. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on litcharts. In the iphigenia plays, poet rachel hadas offers a new generation of readers a graceful, clear, and powerful translation of euripidess two spellbinding and very different plays drawn from this legend. Edward directed it, too, and wanted me to be part of the show.
Commentary and indexes liverpool up aris and phillips classical texts, 2017 pb 668p. Euripides, iphigenia in aulis iphigenia at aulis line 0 to line 21 0 21. Iphigeneia at aulis greek tragedy in new translations. Iphigenia in aulis was the last play written by euripides and represents his most cynical depiction of the great heroes of greek mythology. Two versions of euripides masterpiece in a new verse translation by andy hinds, with martine cuypers. Rights to this adaptation translation for performance, other than as noted above.
The first, iphigenia in aulis, opened sunday night at the court theatre in chicago under the direction of charles newell, using a fresh. Iphigenia in aulis by euripides international festival of. The internet classics archive iphigenia at aulis by euripides. Some say that although he offered iphigenia as a sacrifice, artemis took pity and substituted a deer for the girl. Teach your students to analyze literature like litcharts does. Written between 408, after orestes, and 406 bc, the year of eurip. And hattie morahans iphigenia is a nervily curious girl who finally embraces the pragmatic necessity of. Iphigenia in aulis euripides wikisource, the free online library. I made a semidirect translation, then adapted the text.
The play revolves around agamemnon, the leader of the greek forces in the. Rhesus probably not by euripides dramatizes a pivotal incident in the trojan war. These mighty ones, whom wealth attends, are very gods in the eyes of less favoured folk. Iphigenia at aulis, tragedy by euripides, performed about 406 bce. Genre aside, iphigenia in tauris works not only as a sequel to euripides later play, iphigenia at aulis, but also as a sequel to aeschylus oresteia as well. Written between 408, after orestes, and 406 bc, the year of euripides death, the play was first produced the. New york playwright, stage director, and author edward einhorn is a friend of mine and a collaborator. It has much in common with another of euripidess plays, helen, as well as the lost play andromeda, and is often described as a romance, a melodrama, a tragicomedy. David kovacs presents a faithful and skillfully worded translation of the three plays, facing a freshly edited greek text.
Written between 408, after orestes, and 406 bc, the year of euripides death. Even though it was, by all means, written almost a decade before the other one, it works as a sort of sequel to iphigenia at aulis, and it has much in common with. Librivox recording of iphigenia in tauris murray translation by euripides. The conflict between agamemnon and achilles over iphigeneias fate echoes a disagreement they have over the fate of a prisoner of warchryseis. Menelaus brother, agamemnon, king of argos, had assembled a huge greek expeditionary force on the shores of aulis that he planned to lead to troy in order to. When the greek fleet is becalmed at aulis, thus preventing movement of the expeditionary force against troy, agamemnon is told that he must sacrifice. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position. The seer calchas realised what the problem was, and. Instant downloads of all 1291 litchart pdfs including iphigenia at aulis. Some of the omissions are of passages that scholars posit are not written by euripides. Apr 30, 2017 two versions of euripides masterpiece in a new verse translation by andy hinds, with martine cuypers. One uses lyrics that i wrote as a substitute for the translation. Euripides, a classical greek playwright, wrote two iphigenia plays, one about her sacrifice at aulis, and another about her years in tauris.
It describes an important event immediately preceding the trojan war. Hide browse bar your current position in the text is marked in blue. For more thematic thoughts, read my original directors note. Iphigenia at aulis recounts the sacrifice of agamemnons daughter to artemis, the price exacted by the goddess for favorable sailing winds. Bryn mawr commentaries provide clear, concise, accurate, and consistent support for students making the transition from introductory and intermediate texts to the direct experience of ancient greek and latin lit. So, she decided to stop all winds, and the ships would not be able to sail. Buckley 1858 iphigenia at aulis, translated from the paley text by e. Artemis took iphigenia to tauris, where she became a priestess. The first version of iphigenia in aulis in this volume is a translation of the complete text as it has come down to us via the only surviving manuscript a highly corrupt text containing numerous interpolations by hands other than euripides. It is not a translation but a conversion of academically sound translations into my own words. Iphigenia relates the story of an incident that took place just prior to the trojan war. It describes the chance meeting of iphigenia daughter of agamemnon and now the priestess of artemis on the wild shores of.
Iphigenia in aulis is a direct and honest attempt to mine the power of the greeks and a brilliant excuse to spend a night outdoors in malibu. Iphigenia at aulis by euripides the internet classics archive. Iphigenia in aulis definition of iphigenia in aulis at. Iphigenia in aulis or iphigenia at aulis ancient greek. Iphigenia in aulis, translated by robert potter 1781, 1783 1st ed. I will not slay my children, nor shall thy interests be prospered by justice in thy vengeance for a worthless wife, while i am left wasting, night and day, in sorrow. Rights to this adaptationtranslation for performance, other than as noted above. The apparent sacrifice of iphigenia at aulis by her own father agamemnon was forestalled by the godness artemis, who by an adroit sleight of hand that fooled all participants, substituted a deer fo. Iphigenia in aulis by euripides international festival. Our discussion got him interested in iphigenia in aulis.
The conflict between agamemnon and achilles over iphigeneias fate echoes a disagreement they have over the fate of a prisoner of warchryseis, the daughter of a. It was written sometime between 408 and 406 bce the date of his death and was first produced in the year following his death, where it won first place at the athenian city dionysia contest. Yannis kalavrianos directs ntngs summer production, iphigenia in aulis by euripides, in a new translation by pantelis boukalas and with anthi efstratiadou, the 2016 recipient of the melina mercouri theatre award, in the role of iphigenia. Iphigenia was the daughter of agamemnon and clytemnestra in greek mythology while the greek army was preparing to set sail for troy during the trojan war, agamemnon caused the anger of the goddess artemis, because he killed a sacred deer.
Iphigenia at aulis line 0 to line 21 0 21 toggle dropdown. The internet classics archive iphigenia in tauris by euripides. By turns sardonic, optimistic, and witty, the play provides a fresh. The greek fleet ready to sail to troy, remains stuck in aulis as the wind has lulled. Iphigenia at aulis by euripides text prepared by b e. The greek fleet, ready to sail for troy, is becalmed at aulis. Prepared to exact revenge on troy for the abduction of helen, the greek army is stuck at the port of aulis, stymied by unfavorable winds. As his men grow restless, their commander agamemnon grows desperate to retain his command. Infanticide isnt the only reason, but it is kind of a big one. English translation of euripides iphigenia at aulis, by e. Iphigenia in aulis is released as a companion volume to hinds translation of the oresteia. The internet classics archive iphigenia at aulis by. Coleridge in the plays of euripides 1891 19 printing.
Euripides iphigenia in tauris first performed in 414412bc. Read in english by expatriate iphigenia in aulis ancient greek. The seer calchas has advised that the lack of wind is due to the will of the goddess artemis, whom agamemnon has slighted, and that in order to placate her, agamemnon must sacrifice his eldest daughter, iphigenia iphigeneia. Iphigenia in aulis euripides wikisource, the free online. Helen, wife of menelaus, king of sparta, had eloped to troy with paris, son of king priam. Iphigenia in tauris or iphigenia among the taurians gr. Iphigenia represents euripides version of a key episode in the great saga, the fall of the house of atreus, while the oresteia relates aeschylus version. Iphigenia in aulis and iphigenia among the taurians. Iphigenia in aulis, the einhorn translation poster image i drew for the show. The internet classics archive iphigenia in tauris by.
Iphigenia at aulis, national theatre, london stage the. First produced sometime between 414 and 411 bc, euripides iphigenia in tauris or more correctly, iphigenia among the taurians is one of the two surviving plays by the author to feature iphigenia as the protagonist. Iphigeneia en aulidi is the last extant tragedy by the ancient greek playwright euripides. Iphigeneia en taurois is a tragedy, although sometimes described as a romance or melodrama, by the ancient greek playwright euripides, written sometime between 414 bce and 412 bce. Moving on to the short prequel to the iliad, today we discuss why agamemnon is a terrible father. Please use the form below to let me know about your intended production, including. Iphigenia in aulis is one of two plays about iphigenia that euripides wrote out of those two, this one is by far the better one. Behold iphigenia, the kings royal child, and clytaemnestra, the daughter of tyndareus. Iphigenia that, by thy touch polluted, i would cleanse.
Librivox recording of iphigenia in aulis way translation by euripides. And one uses lyrics that were adapted by aldo perez to go with his rock music for the production. It has much in common with another of euripidess plays, helen, as well as the lost play andromeda, and is often described as a romance, a melodrama, a tragicomedy or an escape play. Iphigenia in aulis by euripides is a sort of prequel to homers iliad. The story concerns the legendary sacrifice of iphigenia by her father, agamemnon. Read in english by expatriate the apparent sacrifice of iphigenia at aulis by her own father agamemnon was forestalled by the godness artemis, who by an adroit sleight of hand that fooled all participants, substituted a deer for the daughter. A stern critique of greek culture, iphigeneia at aulis condemns the trojan war by depicting the power of political ambition and the ensuing repercussions of. In order for the wind to blow, it is imperative to sacrifice. Instead of following a hypothetical situation like iphigenia among the tauri, iphigenia at aulis simply tells the story of a father who is forced to kill his own daughter for assistance in battle from the gods.